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snipets:solaris:net-etherstub

Etherstubs / Virtual Switches

Introduction

Etherstubs seem to confuse some people. Things usually get cleared up when I compare the to vSwitches.

Take the following example:
You have:

  • 1 reverse proxy to filter traffic and do loadbalancing
  • 2 applications servers
  • 2 database servers

Say you run each component in either zone or KVM instance, you can then give each a vnic that is linked to your main network interface. But will put more traffic on your physical switch and also open up some security issues. You could ofcourse use VLAN's but that again adds more administrative complexity.

To solve this you can use an etherstub with vnics for the database and application servers. The proxy will also have a vnic on the etherstub and one on the physical interface.

This approuce will:

  • reduce the need for VLAN's, this elminitating the extra complexity of your physical network.
  • eliminate the traffic on the physical switch
  • security benifits, the backend servers are not connected to the physical network.

Bellow I'll give some examples on how to create an etherstub and how to add vnics to it.

Creating an etherstub

dladm create-etherstub vSwitch0

Adding/removing vnics to/from an etherstub

Please see VNIC's and vlanning, just provide the name of the etherstub instead of the physical interface/aggr/… after the -l flag.

Displaying all etherstubs

dladm show-etherstub

Removing an etherstubs

dladm delete-etherstub vSwitch0

Example

Here is an example for the setup displayed above. This creates the etherstub, 2 vnics for the proxy vm, 1 vnic for each database and application servers.

dladm create-etherstub vsw0
dladm create-vnic -l trunk0 vpr0
dladm create-vnic -l vsw0 vpr1
dladm create-vnic -l vsw0 zdb0
dladm create-vnic -l vsw0 zdb1
dladm create-vnic -l vsw0 zapp0
dladm create-vnic -l vsw0 zapp1
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof vpr0
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof vpr1
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof zdb0
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof zdb1
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof zapp0
dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof zapp1
snipets/solaris/net-etherstub.txt · Last modified: 2014/10/09 22:02 (external edit)